Lesson Planning

There are eight components of lesson planning in VCC PIDP course. As part of this course, I have chosen five

components : Assessment, Instructional process/strategies, Motivational techniques, Creating a positive

learning environment, and Media. Although I am not an instructor yet, here are the five components, in order of

importance that would help me to be the instructor.

1. Assessment:

I found an excess of information on assessing a classroom through the article of Angelo and Cross. I came to know

how to assess the students, what will be the  cultural differences of students in the classroom, how students can

create their interest in the subject and what is to be learned and what pace, self regulated in the group. This

information about the students is important to the instructor.  Angelo and Cross(1993) gave the idea of  Pre-

assessment of students by using Classroom Assessment Techniques(CATs) and develop a formative assessment prior

to the summative assessment “While the purpose of a summative focuses on informing teachers in ways to improve 

student learning during lesson delivery”.

2. Instructional Process/Strategies:

I found that an instructional process could be of a backward design similar to the idea set forth by “The

Universal Design for learning Implementation and Research Network” (UDL/IRN) with their instructional planning

process,UDL/IRN utilizes the five steps in planning that could be implemented in instructional process: establish

clear outcomes, anticipate learner variability, measurable outcomes and assessment plan,

Instructional experience, and reflection and new understanding are steps of a wide scope of a framework

established by the UDL/IRN group which would be helpful for me  as an Instructor .

3. Motivational Techniques:

As I read the article of Pappas (2013) I found that he gave some  tips that how to motivate adult learners. There are

two basic types of motivation , Extrinsic motivation and Intrinsic motivation. During my research I understood the

concepts of both type of motivations but I believe that Intrinsic motivational technique would be the best for my

classroom. By this technique students can motivate themselves and can know about their potential and capabilities,

and they would be able to achieve their goals..Extrinsic motivation would also be helpful for their assessment.

4. Creating a positive learning environment:

Creating a positive learning environment in the classroom is very essential part of lesson planning. It is a duty of an

instructor to create a positive environment in the classroom. As Brookfield (1990, p.176) says, ” Teaching is never

easy, and of all the complex balances we try to attain, being credible and authentic in the right  proportions is the one

of the most difficult”. Motivate the students, Understand their needs, Proper communication, Shared experiences,

Setting rules and discipline, Deliver the subject matter, are all parts of a effective and positive  environment of the


5. Media:

This is the resource from the BBC (2015) detailing best practices for using videos in the classroom. Media plays a

vital role in the field of education. During my study in India, I remember the two things, a chalkboard and an

overhead projector were available in my classroom. But nowadays, the use of the media is accepted very widely and it

is the need of accurate and up to date information. The ipads, iPhones, powerpoint presentations, you tube and

computers are acceptable. Students gain knowledge at home through audio/video prior to class, devoting class time

to discussion, exploration, experimentation and practice by using media.


Angelo, T.A., and Cross, K.P.,(1993). Classroom Assessment Techniques. Retrieved from:


Ballou, J., (2011), Creating a positive learning environment for adults. Retrieved from:


 Education video: ten ways to use them well. BBC Active. Retrieved from:


Pappas, C., (2013), 17 tips to Motivate Adult Learners. Retrieved from:


The Universal Design for learning Implementation and Research Network.  Retrieved from:



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