Humans begin learning at birth and generally continue this process throughout life but the amount learned and the
value of that knowledge varies greatly from one individual to the next ( Sheppard, 2002). With the changing
demographic situation of the developed world, there has been a focus on the concept of lifelong learning, where
individuals learn throughout their whole life ( Chao, 2009). Adult educators must develop a sense of vocation or
calling and must teach subordinates technique and technology to ethical and practical considerations through
human scales, less impersonal programming, and development ( Collins, 1991). Adult learners need to understand
the different ways of learning and should know how to apply it in their life. “These days, being connected depends
not on our distance from each other but from available communication technology” (Turkle, 2011, p. 155).
Technology plays a vital role in today’s life of human beings. According to Parker (2013) “Technology is not just a
device that is utilized as a tool. Rather, technology has infused every aspect of society to essentially change the
thought process in learning” ( Merriam, $ Bierema, 2014, p. 190-211).
New Insights and Trends
In the field of education, most of the educators use technology to deliver their lessons according to the various needs
of the adult learners . According to Burger,(1994); Cahoon, (1998); Eastmond, (1998); Field (1997). “Technology can
enhance adult learning because it has the potential to increase flexibility, provide access to expertise, facilitate
discussion among learners who cannot meet face to face, reduce feelings of isolation often experienced by
nontraditional learners, increase learners autonomy, and support and promote constructivist and collaborative
learning ( Susan, 1998).
Blended learning provides the students with information for delivery of content and instruction via digital and online
media. In this way, a teacher and student can interact with each other. According to Hoffman (2014), blended
learning is not only about matching content to the most appropriate delivery medium, but doing it at the learning
objective level. When technology is used in pedagogically appropriate ways, it can have a positive impact on a
student’s learning (Woodall, 2009). “Building lessons on a solid, research-based foundations of effective strategies,
adding appropriate technologies, and consistently applying those strategies should help ensure high-quality
instruction that has the potential of maximizing student achievement”(Gurrero, 2010). Technology can provide the
support of teaching and student learning in different ways: 1. It can increase the opportunity of classroom learning
beyond the physical boundaries of the classroom. 2. It can expand the ways students can demonstrate what they have
learned. “When teacher’s professional development only focuses on the technical skills needed to be successful,
incorporating it with instructional practices undermined” (Gurrero, 2010).
As I am new to the online learning world so I was little nervous that how could I work on my assignment. There were
some questions in my mind that how online learners deal with time management and assignments. Once I met my
learning partner Anahita to discuss our topic she made me feel more connected to the course and our conversation
helped me to relax. She gave me an idea of where to start and read the articles and having her support and
understanding meant a lot to me and she gave me some direction as where to start in my research. The topic Anahita
and I selected was “Integrating technology into Instruction for Adult learners.” I have chosen two articles related to
this topic. First article by Lynda Ginsburg (1998) ” Integrating Technology into Adult learning.”In this article
Ginsburg presents a helpful way to think about integrating technology into adult learning by proposing four basic
approaches: technology as curriculum, delivery mechanism, complement to instruction, and instructional tool. The
another article I found from the Edutopia ” why do we need technology integration” According to this article there
are some reasons mentioned that how integrating technology is necessary for students in 21st century skills:
- personal and social responsibility
- planning, critical thinking, reasoning, and creativity
- strong communication skills, both interpersonal and presentation needs
- cross-cultural understanding
- visualizing and decision-making
- knowing how and when to use technology and choosing the most appropriate tool for the task.
Anahita’s Blog: https://anahitakadkhoda.wordpress.com/author/anahitakadkhoda/
Chao, R. (2009). Understanding the Adult learners Motivation and Barriers to learning. Barcelona. The
International Association for Technology, Education and Development. Retrieved from: https://www.academia.edu.
Collins, M. (1991). Adult Education as vocation: A critical role for the adult educator. San
Francisco. Jossey Bass.
Ginsburg, L. (1998). Integrating Technology into Adult Learning: information series no.372,
edited by C. Hopey (pp 37-45). The Ohio State University. Columbus.
Gurrero, S.(2010). The role of teacher thinking in technology-based reform: A multiple case
study. Journal of the research center for educational technology. 6(2).
Hoffman, J.(2014). Designing blended learning with bloom’s digital taxonomy. Retrieved from:
Merraim, S.B., Bierema, L.L. (2014). Adult Learning Linking Theory and Practice. (pp.190-211).
San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Sheppard, T. (2002). “The Learning Journey”. Navy supply corps Newsletter. June- August, 2002.
Retrieved from: https:// www.education.jhu.edu.
Susan, I., (1998). Technology and Adult Learning: Current Perspectives. ERIC Digest No. 197. Retrieved from:
Turkle, S. (2011). Alone together. Why we expect more from technology and less from each
other. New York. Perseus Book Group.
Woodall, A. (2009). Integrating technology into the classroom: how does it impact student
Achievement. Retrieved from ERIC database permalink: